Skin discolouration and hyperpigmentation is a problem that many people face.  It happens when your skin produces more melanin. This can cause spots or patches on the skin. These spots and patches can appear darker than the rest of the skin. 

Often discolouration could be harmless to the skin but can be damaging to the confidence of the person suffering from it. Therefore, understanding the causes of pigmentation and how you can treat it is important.  

Causes of skin pigmentation 

Some of the causes of skin pigmentation and Hyperpigmentation are: 

  •   Sunspots: This is the type of pigmentation that occurs when the skin is exposed too much to the sun. This condition can cause dark spots and patches known as sunspots or age spots
  •   Skin inflammation: This is a condition that shows inflammation in the skin causing dark spots. This could have multiple reasons including, acne, lupus, eczema and so on.
  •   Melasma: This is a fairly common skin condition that affects the skin on the face. Some of the reasons this may occur include excessive exposure to the sun and hormonal changes. This is more common among women.
  •   Drug use: Some drugs used could cause hyperpigmentation. Some of the medical condition requires specific chemicals that may give a skin reaction.
  •   Medical conditions: Some medical conditions can cause hyperpigmentation or discolouration with the skin. This includes Addison’s disease.
    • Vitiligo: This is a condition that can affect different parts of the body. In this scenario melanin produced by the skin does not work appropriately. This condition could also change the colour of your hair

    Before you even start looking for a cure for the discolouration you will first need to know the actual cause of the skin issue. This is where your dermatologist can provide you with the right kind of diagnosis. Getting the right kind of consultation is half the problem solved. Ensure that you find the right clinic to help you cope with the skin treatment. Additionally, catch it early. If you are seeing changes in your skin, do not wait for it to increase. It is always better to be safe than sorry. 

    Skin Discolouration Treatment

    There are many ways that you can treat your skin. Some of them are listed below: 

    Laser Treatment:

    Laser therapy or light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation is an option to remove discolouration. It is a procedure that sends focused power beams to parts of the body. It is fairly painless and a non-intrusive treatment. It has the ability to focus on a certain area with a high level of precision. Laser therapy can help remove warts, blemishes, scars, tattoos, moles, birthmarks, sun spots, and lessen wrinkles.

    Chemical peels:

    Chemical peels are a cosmetic treatment. This is where chemicals are applied to parts of the skin, typically the face, hands, and neck. This exfoliates the skin and then one can peel it off. This can help with wrinkles, acne scars, skin damage, hyperpigmentation, melasma and more.   

    Topical creams:

    Topical creams are creams that are applied in particular parts of the skin. They are typically prescribed by a trained physician to treat rashes, itching, dermatitis, eczema, and others. They are specific for certain issues.  

    Over the counter creams:

    If you are looking for general skincare, there are many over the counter creams that are available to use. There are anti-aging, skin lighting and other such creams you can buy locally. Additionally, there are chemical and herbal options available. However, ensure that you watch for any kind of allergic reactions your skin might have with these creams. 

    Home-made treatment:

    There are many home-made remedies for getting overall better skin and removing discolouration of the skin. Lemon is considered a great source for discolouration. Castor oil as well can help. Eating right, meaning eating food rich in vitamin C can certainly help better your overall skin health.  

    At Welona, backed by a team of experts, we provide skincare discolouration solutions. The team does the diagnosis and provides the right kind of solutions. We take the time to handhold our clients through the healing process and patiently handle each step. We care for your skin, book an appointment to see for yourself.